"A continued rise in resistance by 2050 would lead to 10 million people dying every year and a reduction of 2% to 3.5% in Gross Domestic Product (GDP). It would cost the world up to 100 trillion USD."

-The Review on Antimicrobial Resistance

Spread of Resistance

Ways of acquiring Resistance

Bacteria and other pathogens continuously evolve to resist the mechanisms used by antibiotics to combat them. The most common way of resistance is when bacteria makes its cell wall impermeable, making the drug ineffective as it cannot reach the target sight of action.

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Spread of Resistance

Reasons for Resistance

Frivolity in the use of antibiotics, including that in humans, agriculture and veterinary use, is the major reason for the spread of resistance. Other reasons include lack of adequate infection control in hospital settings, lack of surveillance mechanisms to track resistance patterns, among others.

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The trouble making pathogens

A. baumannii

 

Gram negative

P. aeruginosa

 

Gram negative

E. coli

 

Gram negative

K. pneumoniae

 

Gram negative

E. faecium

 

Gram positive

S. aureus

 

Gram positive

H. pylori

 

Gram negative

Campylobacter

 

Gram negative

N. gonorrhoeae

 

Gram negative

S. pneumoniae

 

Gram positive

H. influenzae

 

Gram negative

Shigella spp

 

Gram negative

Global Voices on AMR

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